The International System

​​​​​​

The International System
Wednesday 16:15-18:45 (First Semester), Room 108 [#1033-4004]
 

Uriel Abulof

Napoleon’s final defeat, nearly two centuries ago, put an end to his conquests, but not to nationalism, the idea unleashed all over Europe by his army’s bayonets. The international system was born, marking the onset of the (political) world as we know it. In this course we will get to know it better still. What motivates people and peoples to pursue war and peace? What are the roles of philosophy, ethics and religion in global politics? How does economic and technological globalization affect statesmanship? Is the nation-state waning? What role do domestic policies play in setting foreign policy? These are some of the questions in the purview of the international system. We will trace the theoretical answers and examine them in view of socio-political processes and crises. The course aims to shed light on the literature and state-of-the-art research, to develop critical thinking and writing, and to foster a deeper understanding of contemporary issues in global politics.

This is a graduate course, which entails intensive reading. Students are required to attend each class prepared for in depth discussion of the required reading for that session. Students are responsible for maintaining a high level of active discussion, and are expected to shoulder their share of initiating discussion.

Course Requirements

In addition to completing the required readings and preparing for discussion each week, students will be asked to write four short papers during the course and pass a home exam upon its conclusion. Grades for the course are assigned as follows:

  • Discussion and Participation (including the four short papers) - 30%
  • Home Exam – 70%

Each topic in the reading list comprises three parts:

  1. Required reading: for all students to read before class, largely based on:
    Reus-Smit, Christian, and Duncan Snidal. 2008. The Oxford Handbook of International Relations. New York: Oxford University Press. [OHIR]
  2. Read & Write: reading items on the pertinent subject, which the students will use to write short papers. Throughout the semester, each student is required to choose four subjects on which to write four one-page papers. Each paper will critically review one of the reading items in the “read & write” section, and be submitted by e-mail before class (send a DOC/PDF file; its title should include the student’s surname, the author’s surname and the short title of the article).
    Please Send:

Eran Soroka <sorokman@gmail.com>

  1. Recommended Reading: Additional literature on each subject.

Note: please notify the lecturer by e-mail about an absence before class. Two excused absences will be allowed. Any absence beyond that will result in 3 points off the final grade.  Missing one third of the classes disqualifies the student for a grade.

Topics and Readings

1. International Relations: The unDisciplined Discipline?

Introduction and expectations; syllabus; the emergence of IR as an academic discipline; meta-theory and methodology; first review of the subject matter; theory and practice in IR and foreign policy; a glimpse of the great debates in IR.

Required Reading

Christian Reus-Smit and Duncan Snidal. Between Utopia and Reality: The Practical Discourses of International Relations. [OHIR 3-37]

Drezner, Daniel W. 2010. Night of the Living Wonks. Toward an International Relations Theory of Zombies. Foreign Policy. July/August.

 

Read & Write

Lepgold, Joseph. 1998. Is Anyone Listening? International Relations Theory and the Problem of Policy Relevance. Political Science Quarterly 113: 43-62.

Nicholson, Michael. 2000. What's the Use of International Relations? Review of International Studies 26(2): 183-98.

Waever, Ole. 1998. The Sociology of a Not So International Discipline: American and European Developments in International Relations. International Organization 52(4): 687-727.

 

Recommended Reading

Hoffmann, Stanley. 1977. An American Social Science: International Relations. Daedalus 106 (3):41-60.

Hollis, Martin, and Steve Smith. 1990. Explaining and Understanding International Relations. Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 1-44.

Maliniak, Daniel, Amy Oakes, Susan Peterson, and Michael J. Tierney. 2009. Inside the Ivory Tower. Foreign Policy (171): 84-86.

Maliniak, Daniel, Amy Oakes, Susan Peterson, and Michael J. Tierney. 2007. Inside the Ivory Tower. Foreign Policy (159):62-68.

Peterson, Susan, Michael J. Tierney, and Daniel Maliniak. 2005. Inside the Ivory Tower. Foreign Policy (151):58-64.

Rosenau, James N. 1980. The Scientific Study of Foreign Policy. Rev. and enl. ed. New York: Nichols Pub. Co. [“Thinking Theory Thoroughly,” pp.19-31]

Tickner, J. Ann, and Andrei P. Tsygankov. 2008. Responsible Scholarship in International Relations: A Symposium. International Studies Review 10(4): 661-66.

2. Agency/Structure and Levels of Analysis

Required Reading

David A . Lake. The State and International Relations. [OHIR 41-61]

 

Read & Write

O'neill, Kate, Jörg Balsiger, and Stacy D. Vandeveer. 2004. Actors, Norms, and Impact: Recent International Cooperation Theory and the Influence of the Agent-Structure Debate. Annual Review of Political Science 7(1): 149-75.

Wendt, Alexander. 1994. Collective Identity Formation and the International State. American Political Science Review 88(2): 384-97.

OR BOTH

Hollis, Martin, and Steve Smith. 1991. Beware of Gurus: Structure and Action in International Relations. Review of International Studies 17(4): 393-410.

Wendt, Alexander. 1992. Levels of Analysis Vs. Agents and Structures: Part III. Review of International Studies 18(2): 181-85.

 

Recommended Reading

Buzan, Barry. 1995. The Level of Analysis Problem in International Relations Reconsidered. In International Relations Theory Today, edited by Ken Booth and Steve Smith, 198-216. University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University Press.

Carlsnaes, Walter. 1992. The Agency-Structure Problem in Foreign Policy Analysis. International Studies Quarterly 36(3): 245-70.

Dessler, David. 1989. What's at Stake in the Agent-Structure Debate? International Organization 43(3): 441-73.

Doty, Roxanne Lynn. 1997. Aporia: A Critical Exploration of the Agent-Structure Problematique in International Relations Theory European Journal of International Relations: 365-92.

Hollis, Martin, and Steve Smith. 1994. Two Stories About Structure and Agency. Review of International Studies 20(3): 241-51.

Ruggie, John Gerard. 1993. Territoriality and Beyond: Problematizing Modernity in International Relations. International Organization 47(1): 139-74.

Singer, J. David. 1961. The Level-of-Analysis Problem in International Relations. World Politics 14 (1):77-92.

Waltz, Kenneth Neal. 2001 [1959]. Man, the State, and War : A Theoretical Analysis. New York: Columbia University Press.

Wendt, Alexander E. 1987. The Agent-Structure Problem in International Relations Theory. International Organization 41(3): 335-70.

Wight, Colin. 1999. They Shoot Dead Horses Don't They? Locating Agency in the Agent-Structure Problematique. European Journal of International Relations: 109-42.

 

3. Realism

Required Reading

William C. Wohlforth. Realism [OHIR 131-149]

Jack Donnelly. The Ethics of Realism [OHIR 150-161]

 

Read & Write

Gilpin, Robert G. 1984. The Richness of the Tradition of Political Realism. International Organization 38(2): 287-304.

Mearsheimer, John. (2001). The Tragedy of Great Power Politics. New York: Norton. pp. 1-54.

Morgenthau, Hans J., Kenneth W. Thompson, and W. David Clinton. 2006 [1948]. Politics among Nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace. 7th ed. Boston: McGraw-Hill Higher Education. Ch. 1, 11, 12.

Waltz, Kenneth N. 2000. Structural Realism after the Cold War. International Security 25(1): 5-41.

 

Recommended Reading

Carr, Edward Hallett, and Michael Cox. 2001. The Twenty Years' Crisis, 1919-1939: An Introduction to the Study of International Relations. New York: Palgrave.

Doyle, Michael W. 1986. Liberalism and World Politics. The American Political Science Review 80 (4):1151-1169.

Keohane, Robert O. 1986. Neorealism and Its Critics. New York: Columbia University Press.

Legro, Jeffrey W., and Andrew Moravcsik. 1999. Is Anybody Still a Realist? International Security 24(2): 5-55.

Rose, Gideon. 1998. Neoclassical Realism and Theories of Foreign Policy. World Politics 51 (1):144-172.

Snyder, Jack. 2004. One World, Rival Theories. Foreign Policy (145):53-62.

Walt, Stephen M. 1998. International Relations: One World, Many Theories. Foreign Policy (110):29-46.

Waltz, Kenneth Neal. 1975. Theory of International Relations. In Handbook of Political Science (V. 8 International Politics), edited by Fred I. Greenstein and Nelson W. Polsby, 1-85. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley Pub. Co.

Waltz, Kenneth Neal. 1979. Theory of International Politics. 1st ed. Boston, Mass.: McGraw-Hill. Chapters 1, 4-6.

Zakaria, Fareed. 1998. From Wealth to Power: The Unusual Origins of America's World Role. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

 

 

4. Liberalism

Required Reading

Andrew Moravcsik. The New Liberalism [OHIR 234-254]

Arthur A. Stein. Neoliberal Institutionalism [OHIR 201-220]

 

Read & Write

Danilovic, Vesna, and Joe Clare. 2007. The Kantian Liberal Peace (Revisited). American Journal of Political Science 51: 397-414.

Finnemore, Martha, and Kathryn Sikkink. 1998. International Norm Dynamics and Political Change. International Organization 52(4): 887-917.

Keohane, Robert O., and Joseph S. Nye. 1987. Power and Interdependence Revisited. International Organization 41(4): 725-53.

Moravcsik, Andrew. 1997. Taking Preferences Seriously: A Liberal Theory of International Politics. International Organization 51 (4):514-553.

 

Recommended Reading

Baldwin, David A. 1993. Neorealism and Neoliberalism: The Contemporary Debate. New York: Columbia University Press.

Doyle, Michael W. 2005. Three Pillars of the Liberal Peace. American Political Science Review 99(3): 463-66.

Gartzke, Erik. 2007. The Capitalist Peace. American Journal of Political Science 51(1): 166-91.

Gat, Azar. 2005. The Democratic Peace Theory Reframed: The Impact of Modernity. World Politics 58(1): 73-100.

Keohane, Robert O. 1984. After Hegemony: Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

Krasner, Stephen D., ed. International Regimes, Cornell Studies in Political Economy. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1983.

Mansfield, Edward D., and Jack Snyder. 2009. Pathways to War in Democratic Transitions. International Organization 63(2): 381-90.

Muller, Harald. 2004. The Antinomy of Democratic Peace. International Politics 41: 494-520.

Mueller, John. 2010. Capitalism, Peace, and the Historical Movement of Ideas. International Interactions: Empirical and Theoretical Research in International Relations 36(2): 169 - 84.

Richardson, James L. 1997. Contending Liberalisms: Past and Present. European Journal of International Relations 3 (1):5-33.

Rosato, Sebastian. 2003. The Flawed Logic of Democratic Peace Theory. American Political Science Review 97(4): 585-602.

 

5. Constructivism

Required Reading

Ian Hurd. Constructivism 298 [OHIR 298-316]

Richard Price. The Ethics of Constructivism [OHIR 317-326]

 

Read & Write

Adler, Emanuel. 2002. Constructivism and International Relations. In Handbook of International Relations, ed. W. Carlsnaes, T. Risse-Kappen and B. A. Simmons. London: SAGE Publications.

Fearon, James D., and alexander Wendt. 2002. Rationalism V. Constructivism: A Skeptical View. In Handbook of International Relations, ed. W. Carlsnaes, T. Risse-Kappen and B. A. Simmons. London; Thousand Oaks, Calif.: SAGE Publications.

Finnemore, Martha, and Kathryn Sikkink. 2001. Taking Stock: The Constructivist Research Program in International Relations and Comparative Politics. Annual Review of Political Science 4(1): 391-416.

Wendt, Alexander. 1999. Social Theory of International Politics. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press. Ch. 1, 3 & 6

 

Recommended Reading

Checkel, Jeffrey T. 1998. The Constructivist Turn in International Relations Theory. World Politics 50 (2):324-48.

Enloe, Cynthia H. 1990. Bananas, Beaches & Bases: Making Feminist Sense of International Politics. 1st U.S. ed. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Hobden, Stephen, and John M. Hobson. 2002. Historical Sociology of International Relations. Cambridge, UK ; New York: Cambridge University Press.

Hopf, Ted. 1998. The Promise of Constructivism in International Relations Theory. International Security 23 (1): 171-200.

Nye, Joseph S. 2004. Soft Power: The Means to Success in World Politics. 1st ed. New York: Public Affairs.

Said, Edward W. 1979. Orientalism. 1st Vintage Books ed. New York: Vintage Books.

Wyn Jones, Richard. 1999. Security, Strategy, and Critical Theory. Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner Publishers.

 

 

6. English School

Required Reading

Tim Dunne. The English School [OHIR 267-285]

Molly Cochran. The Ethics of the English School [OHIR 286-297]

 

Read & Write

Bull, Hedley. 2002. The Anarchical Society: A Study of Order in World Politics. 3rd ed. New York: Columbia University Press. Chapters 1-3, pp.3-76.

Buzan, Barry. 2001. The English School: an underexploited resource in IR. Review of International Studies 27 (3):471-88.

Byers, Michael. International Law [OHIR 612-634]

Fabry, Mikulas. 2010. Recognizing States: International Society and the Establishment of New States since 1776. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. pp. 1-21, 179-228.

Franck, Thomas M. 1990. The Power of Legitimacy among Nations. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 3-26, 183-207.

Nardin, Terry. International Ethics [OHIR 594-611]

 

Recommended Reading

Baran, Zenyo. 2005. Fighting the war of ideas. Foreign Affairs 84 (6):68-78.

Beitz, Charles R. 1999 [1979]. Political Theory and International Relations. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Boutros-Ghali, Boutros. 1992. An Agenda for Peace: Preventive Diplomacy, Peacemaking and Peace-keeping. International Relations 11 (3):201-18.

Clark, Ian. 2007. International Legitimacy and World Society. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press.

Gelb, Leslie H., and Justine A. Rosenthal. 2003. The Rise of Ethics in Foreign Policy: Reaching a Values Consensus. Foreign Affairs 82 (3):2-7.

Gelpi, Christopher. 2003. The Power of Legitimacy: Assessing the Role of Norms in Crisis Bargaining. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Gerring, John, and Joshua Yesnowitz. 2006. A Normative Turn in Political Science?” Polity 38 (1):101-33.

Koskenniemi, Martti. 2002. The Gentle Civilizer of Nations: The Rise and Fall of International Law, 1870-1960. Cambridge, UK ; New York: Cambridge University Press.

Kratochwil, Friedrich V. 1989. Rules, Norms, and Decisions: On the Conditions of Practical and Legal Reasoning in International Relations and Domestic Affairs. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Reussmit, Christian. 2002. Imagining Society: Constructivism and the English School. British Journal of Politics and International Relations 4 (3): 487-509.

Walzer, Michael. 1977. Just and Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument with Historical Illustrations. New York: Basic Books. Ch. 1, 16.

7. War

Required Reading

Vasquez, John A. 2009. The War Puzzle Revisited. Cambridge Studies in International Relations. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 405-429 (Appendix I & II)

 

Read & Write

Adams, Karen Ruth. 2010. The Causes of War. In The International Studies Encyclopedia, edited by Robert Allen Denemark. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.

Fearon, James D. 1995. Rationalist Explanations for War. International Organization 49(3): 379-414.

Gat, Azar. 2009. So Why Do People Fight? Evolutionary Theory and the Causes of War. European Journal of International Relations 15(4): 571-99.

Kaysen, Carl. 1990. Review: Is War Obsolete?: A Review Essay. International Security 14(4): 42-64.

Mueller, John. 2000. The Banality of "Ethnic War". International Security 25(1): 42-70.

Einstein, Albert, and Sigmund Freud (1933) Why War? An International Series of Open Letters. Paris: International institute of intellectual co-operation, League of Nations.

 

Recommended Reading

Axelrod, Robert, and Robert O. Keohane. 1985. Achieving Cooperation under Anarchy: Strategies and Institutions. World Politics 38 (1):226-54.

Diamond, Jared M. 2005. Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies. New York: Norton. pp.13-32, 405-440.

Doyle, Michael W. 1997. Ways of War and Peace: Realism, Liberalism, and Socialism. 1st ed. New York: Norton.

Gat, Azar. 2008. War in Human Civilization. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gilpin, Robert. 1981. War and Change in World Politics. Cambridge ; New York: Cambridge University Press.

Jervis, Robert. 1978. Cooperation under the Security Dilemma. World Politics: A Quarterly Journal of International Relations 30(2): 167-214.

Levy, Jack S. 1988. Domestic Politics and War. Journal of Interdisciplinary History 18(4): 653-73.

Nye, Joseph S. 2009. Understanding International Conflicts: An Introduction to Theory and History. 7th ed, Longman Classics in Political Science. New York: Pearson Longman.

Oye, Kenneth A. 1985. Explaining Cooperation under Anarchy: Hypotheses and Strategies. World Politics 38 (1):1-24.

Powell, Robert. 1994. Anarchy in international relations theory: The neorealist-neoliberal debate. International Organization 48 (2):313-44.

Waltz, Kenneth N. 1988. The Origins of War in Neorealist Theory. Journal of Interdisciplinary History 18 (4):615-28.

Waltz, Kenneth Neal. 2001 [1959]. Man, the State, and War: A Theoretical Analysis. New York: Columbia University Press.

 

8. Foreign Policy and Domestic Politics

Required Reading

Douglas T. Stuart. Foreign-Policy Decision-Making [OHIR 576-593]

 

Read & Write

Allison, Graham T. 1969. Conceptual Models and the Cuban Missile Crisis. The American Political Science Review 63(3): 689-718.

Kissinger, Henry A. 1966. Domestic Structure and Foreign Policy. Daedalus 95 (2):503-29.

Krasner, Stephen D. 1972. Are Bureaucracies Important? (or Allison Wonderland). Foreign Policy (7): 159-79.

Packer, George. 2010. Air America: Peter Beinart’s “the Icarus Syndrome” Recounts a Century of Foreign-Policy Folly. The New Yorker. June 28, 2010.

Putnam, Robert D. 1988. Diplomacy and Domestic Politics: The Logic of Two-Level Games. International Organization 42 (3):427-60.

 

Recommended Reading

Checkel, Jeffrey T. 1997. International Norms and Domestic Politics. European Journal of International Relations: 473-95.

Fearon, James D. 1997. Signaling Foreign Policy Interests: Tying Hands versus Sinking Costs. The Journal of Conflict Resolution 41 (1):68-90.

Gilboa, Eytan. 2002. Global Communication and Foreign Policy. The Journal of Communication 52 (4):731-48.

Ikenberry, G. John, ed. 2011. American Foreign Policy : Theoretical Essays. 6th ed. Boston, MA: Wadsworth/Cengage Learning.

Levy, Jack S. 1994. Learning and Foreign Policy: Sweeping a Conceptual Minefield. International Organization 48(2): 279-312.

Milner, Helen V. 1997. Interests, Institutions, and Information: Domestic Politics and International Relations. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Snyder, Jack L. 1991. Myths of Empire: Domestic Politics and International Ambition, Cornell Studies in Security Affairs. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.

 

9. Rationality and Psychology (December 15)

Required Reading

Andrew H. Kydd. Methodological Individualism and Rational Choice [OHIR 425-443]

James Goldgeier & Philip Tetlock. Psychological Approaches [OHIR 462-480]

 

Read & Write

Stein, Janis Gross. 2002. Psychological Explanations of International Conflict. In Handbook of International Relations, edited by Walter Carlsnaes, Thomas Risse-Kappen and Beth A. Simmons, 292-308. London: SAGE Publications.

Mercer, Jonathan. 2005. Prospect Theory and Political Science. Annual Review of Political Science 8 (1): 1-21.

Jervis, Robert. 1968. Hypotheses on Misperception. World Politics 20(3): 454-79.

 

Recommended Reading

Crawford, Neta C. 2000. The Passion of World Politics: Propositions on Emotion and Emotional Relationships. International Security 24 (4): 116-56.

Fattah, Khaled, and K.M. Fierke. 2009. A Clash of Emotions: The Politics of Humiliation and Political Violence in the Middle East. European Journal of International Relations 15 (1): 67-93.

Goldgeier, J. M., and P. E. Tetlock. 2001. Psychology and International Relations Theory. Annual Review of Political Science 4 (1): 67-92.

Gregg, Gary S. 2005. The Middle East: A Cultural Psychology, Series in Culture, Cognition, and Behavior. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press.

Jervis, Robert. 1976. Perceptions and Misperceptions in International Politics. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Ch. 3-4, 6, 10-12.

Kahneman, Daniel. 2003. Maps of Bounded Rationality: Psychology for Behavioral Economics. The American Economic Review 93 (5): 1449-75.

Langholtz, Harvey J., and Chris E. Stout, eds. 2004. The Psychology of Diplomacy, Psychological Dimensions to War and Peace,. Westport, Conn.: Praeger.

Mcdermott, Rose. 2004. Political Psychology in International Relations, Analytical Perspectives on Politics. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press. pp. 1-20, 261-274.

Mercer, Jonathan. 2005. Rationality and Psychology in International Politics. International Organization 59 (1): 77-106.

 

10. Identity (Global) Politics

Required Reading

Friedrich Kratochwil. Sociological Approaches [OHIR 444-461]

 

Read & Write

Huntington, Samuel P. 1993. The Clash of Civilizations?” Foreign Affairs 72 (3):22-49.

Miles, Jack. 2004. Religion and American Foreign Policy. Survival 46:23-37.

Legro, Jeffrey W. 2009. The Plasticity of Identity under Anarchy. European Journal of International Relations 15(1): 37-65.

Hoffmann, Stanley. 1966. Obstinate or Obsolete? The Fate of the Nation-State and the Case of Western Europe. Daedalus 95(3): 862-915.

 

Recommended Reading

Adler, Emanuel, and Michael N. Barnett, eds. 1998. Security Communities, Cambridge Studies in International Relations; 62. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press. Ch. 1, 2.

Ataman, Muhittin. 2003. Islamic Perspective on Ethnicity and Nationalism: Diversity or Uniformity?" Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs 23 (1):89-102.

Bloom, William. 1990. Personal Identity, National Identity, and International Relations, Cambridge Studies in International Relations. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Brewer, Marilynn B. 2001. The Many Faces of Social Identity: Implications for Political Psychology. Political Psychology 22 (1): 115-25.

Burke, Peter J., and Jan E. Stets. 2009. Identity Theory. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press.

Campbell, David. 1998. Writing Security: United States Foreign Policy and the Politics of Identity. Rev. ed. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Carroll, James. 2003. Why religion still matters. Daedalus 132 (3): 9-13.

Fearon, James D., and David D. Laitin. 2000. Violence and the Social Construction of Ethnic Identity. International Organization 54 (4): 845-77.

Iriye, Akira. 1979. Culture and Power: International Relations as Intercultural Relations. Diplomatic History 3 (2):115-28.

Meyer, John W., John Boli, George M. Thomas, and Francisco O. Ramirez. 1997. World Society and the Nation-State. The American Journal of Sociology 103(1): 144-81.

Razi, G. Hossein. 1990. Legitimacy, Religion, and Nationalism in the Middle East. The American Political Science Review 84 (1):69-91.

Shah, Timothy Samuel, and Monica Duffy Toft. 2006. Why God is Winning. Foreign Policy 155:38-43.

Tusicisny, Andrej. 2004. Civilizational conflicts: More frequent, longer, and bloodier?” Journal Of Peace Research 41 (4):485-98.

 

11. History I: 1648-1938

Required Reading

Keylor, William R. 2006. The Twentieth Century World and Beyond: An International History since 1900. 5th ed. New York: Oxford University Press. Ch. Prologue, 1.

 

Read & Write

Gordon, Michael R. 1974. Domestic Conflict and the Origins of the First World War: The British and the German Cases. The Journal of Modern History 46(2): 191-226.

Hobsbawm, E. J. 1990. Nations and Nationalism since 1780: Programme, Myth, Reality. Cambridge England; New York: Cambridge University Press. Ch. 4 (pp. 101-130)

Osiander, Andreas. 2001. Sovereignty, International Relations, and the Westphalian Myth. International Organization 55 (2):251-87.

Spruyt, Hendrik. 1994. The Sovereign State and Its Competitors: An Analysis of Systems Change, Princeton Studies in International History and Politics. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. Ch. 2, 8 (pp. 22-32, 153-180).

 

Recommended Reading

Jackson, Robert H. 2007. Sovereignty: Evolution of an Idea. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Keitner, Chimène I. 2000. National Self-Determination in Historical Perspective: The Legacy of the French Revolution for Today's Debates. The International Studies Review 2 (3):3-26.

Krasner, Stephen D. 2001. Sovereignty. Foreign Policy (122):20-29.

Miller, Steven E., Sean M. Lynn-Jones, and Stephen Van Evera. 1991. Military Strategy and the Origins of the First World War. Rev. and expanded ed, International Security Readers. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. Preface” (pp. xi-xix)

Strachan, Hew. 2000. The First World War. The Historical Journal 43 (3):889-903.

Teschke, Benno. 2003. The Myth of 1648: Class, Geopolitics, and the Making of Modern International Relations. London ; New York: Verso.

Tilly, Charles. 1992. Coercion, Capital, and European States, AD 990-1992. Rev. pbk. ed, Studies in Social Discontinuity. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.

 

12. History II: 1939-1989

Required Reading

Keylor, William R. 2009. A World of Nations: The International Order since 1945. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press. Ch. 1.

 

Read & Write

Jackson, Robert H. 1990. Quasi-States: Sovereignty, International Relations, and the Third World, Cambridge Studies in International Relations; 12. Cambridge England; New York: Cambridge University Press. pp.1-31.

Kuran, Timur. 1991. Now out of Never: The Element of Surprise in the East European Revolution of 1989. World Politics 44(1): 7-48.

Wohlforth, William C. 1994. Realism and the End of the Cold War. International Security 19 (3):91-129.

X (Kennan, George F.). 1947. The Sources of Soviet Conduct. Foreign Affairs 25(4): 566-82.

 

Recommended Reading

Alexandroff, Alan, and Richard Rosecrance. 1977. Deterrence in 1939. World Politics 29 (3):404-24.

Beck, Robert J. 1989. Munich’s Lessons Reconsidered. International Security 14 (2):161-91.

Gaddis, John Lewis. 1987. The Long Peace: Inquiries into the History of the Cold War. New York: Oxford University Press.

Gati, Charles. 1972. What Containment Meant. Foreign Policy(7): 22-40.

 

13. History III: 1990-2010

Required Reading

Keylor, William R. 2009. A World of Nations: The International Order since 1945. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press. Ch. 4.

Young, John W., and John Kent (2004) International Relations since 1945: A Global History. New York: Oxford University Press. Ch. 22

 

Read & Write

Mandelbaum, Michael. 1996. Foreign policy as social work. Foreign Affairs 75 (1):16-32.

Kagan, Robert. 2002. Power and Weakness. Policy Review 113(June/July): 3-28.

Fukuyama, Francis. 1995. Reflections on the End of History, Five Years Later. History and Theory 34 (2):27-43.

 

Recommended Reading

Brooks, Stephen G., and William C. Wohlforth. 2002. American Primacy in Perspective. Foreign Affairs 81(4): 20-33.

Gaddis, John Lewis. 1992. International Relations Theory and the End of the Cold War. International Security 17(3): 5-58.

Fukuyama, Francis. 2006. The End of History and the Last Man. New York: Free Press.

Lebow, Richard Ned. 1994. The Long Peace, the End of the Cold War, and the Failure of Realism. International Organization 48 (2):249-77.

MacDonald, Paul K. 2009. Rebalancing American foreign policy. Daedalus 138 (2):115-125.

Mastanduno, Michael. 1997. Preserving the Unipolar Moment: Realist Theories and U.S. Grand Strategy after the Cold War. International Security 21 (4):49-88.

Medeiros, Evan S., and M. Taylor Fravel. 2003. China’s New Diplomacy. Foreign Affairs 82 (6):22-35.

Nye, Joseph S. 2002. Limits of American Power. Political Science Quarterly 117(4): 545-59.

Nye, Joseph S. 2008. The Decline of America's Soft Power. Foreign Affairs 83(3): 16-22.

Pagden, Anthony. 2005. Imperialism, liberalism & the quest for perpetual peace. Daedalus 134 (2):46-57.

Wohlforth, William C. 1999. The Stability of a Unipolar World. International Security 24(1): 5-41.

 

14. Globalization and Current Affairs

Required Reading

Keylor, William R. 2009. A World of Nations: The International Order since 1945. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press. Ch. Epilogue.

 

Read & Write

Clark, Ian. 1998. Beyond the Great Divide: globalization and the theory of international relations. Review of International Studies 24 (4):479-98.

Goldstone, Jack A. 2010. The New Population Bomb. Foreign Affairs 89 (1):31-43.

International Relations [OHIR 716-724]

Mayall, James. 1998. Globalization and international relations. Review of International Studies 24 (2):239-50.

Richard Rosecrance. The Failure of Static and the Need for Dynamic Approaches to

Robert O. Keohane. Big Questions in the Study of World Politics [OHIR 708-715]

Sagan, Scott, Kenneth Waltz, and Richard K. Betts. 2007. A Nuclear Iran: Promoting Stability or Courting Disaster? Journal of International Affairs 60 (2): 135-50.

Steve Smith. Six Wishes for a More Relevant Discipline of International Relations [OHIR 725-731]

 

Recommended Reading

Biermann, Frank, and Klaus Dingwerth. 2004. Global Environmental Change and the Nation State. Global Environmental Politics 4 (1):1-22.

Douglas, Ian R. 1997. Globalisation and the end of the state? New Political Economy 2 (1):165-177.

Friedrichs, Jorg. 2001. The Meaning of New Medievalism. European Journal of International Relations 7 (4):475-501.

Krasner, Stephen D. 2001. Sovereignty. Foreign Policy (122): 20-29.

Nygren, Anja, and Sandy Rikoon. 2008. Political Ecology Revisited: Integration of Politics and Ecology Does Matter. Society & Natural Resources: An International Journal 21 (9):767-82.

Reinicke, Wolfgang H. 1997. Global public policy. Foreign Affairs 76 (6):127-138.

Rosenberg, Justin. 2005. Globalization Theory: A Post Mortem. International Politics 42 (1):2-74.

Ruggie, John Gerard. 1993. Territoriality and Beyond: Problematizing Modernity in International Relations. International Organization 47 (1):139-74.

 

 

Textbooks

Baylis, John, Steve Smith, and Patricia Owens. 2008. The Globalization of World Politics: An Introduction to International Relations. 4th ed. New York: Oxford University Press.

Brown, Chris, and Kirsten Ainley. 2009. Understanding International Relations. 4rd ed. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Carlsnaes, Walter, Thomas Risse-Kappen, and Beth A. Simmons. 2002. Handbook of International Relations. London: SAGE Publications.

Charles W. Kegley Jr., and Eugene R. Wittkopf. 2004. World Politics 9th edition. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

D'Anieri, Paul J. 2010. International Politics: Power and Purpose in Global Affairs. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

Denemark, Robert Allen. 2010. The International Studies Encyclopedia. Chichester, West Sussex, U.K. ; Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.

Dunne, Timothy, Milja Kurki, and Steve Smith. 2010. International Relations Theories: Discipline and Diversity. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press.

George, Alexander L., and Andrew Bennett. 2005. Case Studies and Theory Development in the Social Sciences, Bcsia Studies in International Security. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Jackson, Robert H., and Georg Sørensen. 2007. Introduction to International Relations: Theories and Approaches. 3rd ed. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press.

Keylor, William R. 2006. The Twentieth Century World and Beyond: An International History since 1900. 5th ed. New York: Oxford University Press.

Keylor, William R. 2009. A World of Nations: The International Order since 1945. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press.

Mansbach, Richard W., and Kirsten L. Rafferty. 2007. Introduction to Global Politics: A Journey from Yesterday to Tomorrow. New York, NY: Routledge.

Phil Williams, Donald M. Goldstein and Jay M. Shafritz (eds.) 1999. Classic Readings of International Relations, 2nd edition. Fort Worth, TX: Harcourt Brace College Publishers.

Reus-Smit, Christian, and Duncan Snidal. 2008. The Oxford Handbook of International Relations. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press.

Rourke, John T. 2008. International Politics on the World Stage. 12th ed. Boston: McGraw-Hill.

Rourke, John T., and Mark A. Boyer. 2008. International Politics on the World Stage. Brief 8th ed. Boston, Mass.: McGraw-Hill.

Young, John W., and John Kent (2004) International Relations since 1945 : A Global History. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press.

 

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